by Matushka Photini Henderson
First, let me preamble the following comments with the observation that the Church is both a large, supportive family with our Lord as the Paterfamilias (the all-powerful Father), and a spiritual hospital. In our primary culture, this is an abusive metaphor: we're trying to 'feel good' about ourselves, but the Church teaches that creation has not been right since the Fall in Paradise, and indeed, we have the sense that something is unnatural and broken each time we go to a funeral. The natural world is fallen, so our purpose is to return to Paradise. We lost Paradise through the ancestral sin of disobedience of eating of the fruit of the Tree, but we can regain Paradise through the obedience of eating of the Fruit of the Tree (Christ). We gather together at Divine Liturgy to do so.
But many of us are affected by the primary culture, which sees Church as merely a nice, moral break from the primary life of economic and pleasurable pursuits. So in a way, we're expected to be minimalists - but our faith teaches that our whole life must be in Christ. How do we do this, in a world that is inclined otherwise? The healing is both in the Mystery of Holy Communion and in the increasing of the 'family and village' ministries. The family and village ministries both test and guide, encourage and exhort us to a change in lifestyle. In our modern world, we're tragically disassociated from many of our most talented ministers - there is nothing more profoundly spiritual, and more teaching to a child than the old babas and dedes: they have the soft, refined edge and acute empathic skills that age and experience has earned them, and mother and father alone still haven't acquired, and couldn't even fake. As much as possible, we need to increase our adoptions of one another as family members - for the devil which seeks to divide us has successfully taught the primary culture that the isolated, nuclear family is the ideal. Spiritually, it is death. To combat that, we need to begin, little by little to appreciate and bond with our parish families. "One Christian is no Christian," is a spiritual prophecy.
I hope that these random words may help your family discuss ways in which you can include more and more of the richer extensions of family life. And please do share your ideas with me - I'm learning, too. In truth, I can only hope to offer some basic guidance, and even that is written from a heart full of an admixture of grief, envy, and hope - for I live in the modern age, in a non-Orthodox culture, and am too loosely joined to a parish that consists primarily of commuters or families with excessive worldly burdens, and we are all missing the traditional enrichment 'spirit guides' of Orthodoxy - extended family members, fellow parishioners, and a whole Orthodox culture. Yesterday, someone shared a homesickness for her time in the Orthodox 'old country' where Orthodoxy was lived and breathed. I identified strongly with her, having spent a few short months in an Orthodox country. The very language, when one said hello, good-bye, thank you, please, was imbued with Orthodoxy. Reactions to joy and grief were Orthodox. Roadside icon stands marked the spot where beloved died, icons met you in every store. Loving endearments for the saints and the Theotokos were on the lips of everyone. Likewise, no one was isolated. For Americans used to independence and autonomy, and not understanding the relational qualities of being Christian, this could be intrusive and meddlesome. But this was embrace, loving relationships… concerned, exhortive, encouraging, interested, and… family. If you were Orthodox, you were family. And as family, they took you in as theirs - what you did right or wrong, what you needed, how you could help. You belonged. It was like living in the icon of the Body of Christ, the Church - nothing is cut off or dying or isolated in that! It was life, and it is life-supporting.
That is what the old-world culture provides, that is the ministry of the villagers and the extended family members. That is what we miss in growing up in a non-Orthodox country. That is what we need to add to the life in our churches. That is the purpose of enrichment. And I state that it is not at all optional, if we're to really live.
What we have in our modern times, in non-Orthodox cultures, is an anti-icon of Church. We're encouraged to be isolated, independent, and autonomous. As Orthodox there is an added hardship to going from glory to glory. Usually we live far from the church. Any Church services we can attend are limited to the weekend, some even only one service on a weekend. The central focus of our life, the church is so far away we can't hear the bells. How, in this tension, can we grow from glory to glory? Enrichment.
It does sound very much like yet another gimmick, an extra, or an embellishment - like something fancy or optional, but I've come to an awareness that this is none of that, but vital, life-important nutrients. The services and prayers universal to every tradition and every country, Orthodox or not, can go a long way to raising Christians. But what if the language of the service is incomprehensible to the Christian? Does it fail? No. In Russia and Greece, the language of the services are often not comprehensible to the faithful (in Russian, Greek, and North African villages, no one speaks and rarely do they understand Slavonic, Church Greek, or Geez), so how could it possibly have raised Christians at all? Because the culture was imbued with Orthodoxy. The mothers blessed their bellies and then their infants with the sign of the Cross, the saints were invoked at every joy and every grief, and every spiritual struggle - be it for patience or for loneliness… . In our modern times, we are more and more able to hear the services in our own language, but this has not yet touched our lives and therefore our hearts - we have intellectual knowledge of the faith, but to take it to the next step - the heart (the cardia), it needs those enriching details that make it so.
We have the dogma, the rituals, and the accouterments of the faith, and yet we live in a fallen world that places pressures and exertions on the Church and Christians in various ways - whether it be the holocausts of political or economic terrorists, or the assaults of demons. We become spiritually depleted and lose spiritual health. We are at risk for despair or loss of faith. Enrichment is a kind of fortification that restores health and strengthens our spiritual immune system against further Life-threatening assaults.
For a crude historical and probably not completely appropriate parallel, beriberi was a devastating physical condition that was nearly wiped out overnight by the enrichment of the flour that was made into the bread (adding just a tiny amount of vitamins), which fed the weakened populace. It did not change the bread, just added 'enrichment.' In the case of beriberi, the grain itself was stressed by over-processing - not unlike life in our modern times - which made it improbable if not impossible for many people, save those of 'good stock,' to sustain good physical health. This made for a tragic devastation of many children and adults. When that which was missing or needed was added to the food, nearly overnight there was a physical miracle of healing.
It seems likewise to our spiritually-depleted and immature conditions as Orthodox. Orphaned as we are from Orthodox countries, highly processed in a strenuous and non-Orthodox lifestyle, we are suffering from the acute strains and assaults of life under spiritual suffocation. As young babes in Christ, unaccustomed to the whole grain of tradition, we are missing that something not extra, but vital.
Enrichment is like that magic, small and timely addition of the ingredients missing or overlooked, which will initiate the miracle of healing in our daily lives.
Enrichment begins by permitting - as we are able and become accustomed - Orthodoxy more and more into the rest of our days. This is a very difficult task, because we have a tension in many of our parishes. Either the immigrants who came here from the old country demurred to the primary culture in humility or assimilation, and little is left of the treasures they remembered; or there is an over-aggression to assert a kind of spiritual boot-camp that contrives a whole lot of overlay that can become not Orthodox culture, but cultic - as if the very language of the service was as incomprehensible and out of context. Most of us experience variations of these attempts to live Orthodoxy. The work in our parishes and dioceses is the work of the pastors and bishops who address the larger body. But in our homes, and from our homes, we can do a lot to give and receive enrichment that will vivify and effect healing.
There is an amazing alchemy in the combination of dirt, worms, bacteria, water, air, and sunlight, that will eventually grow a flower, a bush, or a tree. Seemingly, totally unrelated materials work synergistically together to sprout a living plant. The key ingredient seems a livable balance of all these materials… and the benevolent sun. In our families, children know love by our own love for them. A child is born into a family with parents, at the very least. Likewise a new believer is baptized into the Christian family, and blessed with godparents. One Christian is truly no Christian, and the Church does not leave us alone. But too often we take too little responsibility for our brothers and sisters in Christ. Intend to love one another. Being Orthodox in a non-Orthodox country, we have missed the 'family' aspect of community life. Be like real brothers and sisters, grandmas and grandpas, in faith - the ministers of those other days between Liturgies. When we accept our place as real brothers and sisters by Water (Baptism) and Blood and Body (Holy Communion), we cannot escape our responsibility to and for one another. And out of the intentional love and relationship with one another, the family spiritual sense, allows us to help 'enrich' what is needed - be it a scolding, a tear, a festival gathering, a little quiet, or a bit of sweet.
In our homes, loving gestures, thoughtful events, and serious intentions can be applied as needed. Likewise, spiritual enrichment cannot really be codified, because we are all different, but is an art form that comes out of love for one another - far different from the effect of force motivated by a fear for one another. Like I confessed at the beginning, this article is not a cookbook or how-to guide; I would not have the audacity to write one. It can only suggest a tone for guidance.
Realizing that we are part of the Church and a parish family, the "extended family" relationship takes time and contact to cultivate. We must be equally as discerning and deliberate in increasing this aspect of spiritual life. Here is a basic "adopt a parish" program:
|Attend Church worship services.|
|Attend fellowship events.|
|Attend religious education programs: lectures, Bible study, retreats, etc.|
|Attend Feast Day celebrations.|
|If you haven't already done so, introduce yourself and your family to the parish priest. Take your relationship beyond acquaintance or the perfunctory "basic respect" level, over time to a trusting spiritual-father level.|
|Form friendships among the faithful, adopt them as family.|
|Seek to make friends of newcomers in the parish.|
|Take an active role in fellowship, Church school, and other aspects of parish life and service.|
Increase your participation in the weekly services offered at your parish, in gradual steps:
|Go to Divine Liturgy, from the beginning of the service.|
|Go to Divine Liturgy and receive Holy Communion. (This is often not the case, so this could be very enriching! Too often, we disregard the importance of the Lord's commandment to "Take, eat," and this nourishment is absolutely necessary to aid those in despair, those with lukewarm faith, and those of us suffering from the bewildering, "I don't get it at all!") Partaking of the Body and Blood of Christ will help in increasing your life in Christ. Talk to your spiritual father about appropriate preparation for this 'neophyte status' - at the very least, do not eat or drink before Divine Liturgy, and confess according to the schedule recommended by your priest.|
|Arrive for any services offered before Divine Liturgy, usually Orthros/Matins or 3rd Hour.|
|Attend Great Vespers on Saturday evening. (Remember, Vespers is considered a part of the Divine Liturgy, so consider the time between Vespers and the Liturgy an intermission: devote it to quiet, and no self-indulgence to anger or pleasure. Try not to watch television or schedule secular or social events after Vespers.)|
|If your parish offers All-Night Vigil [that is, combined Vespers and Matins on Saturday night], increase your attendance to the whole of Vigil - accustoming yourself and your children to as much of it as possible. It is not unusual to have sleepy (or sleeping) children - do not consider this a reason to leave. Many blissful memories of young children come from dozing in a beautifully scented room, with the songs of the saints and Church history subliminally imprinting in their soft minds - being warmed by the coats of parents and loving parishioners, censed 'extra' by the priest in passing, to be picked up and taken home under this enveloping ambiance. The children do not suffer from this, nor is anyone inconvenienced. The Church is prayer, not theater, so a sleeping child is not a violation of etiquette, but a testimony to our faith commitment. If your parish celebrates the Orthros/Matins in the morning, likewise try to attend from the beginning.|
Enrich your family's daily prayer life, again in steps:
|Neophyte: Say the Morning & Evening Prayers, and prayers before and after meals; this teaches that the day is given and granted by God. Source: Orthodox prayer books.|
|Beginners: Say short prayers before and after work; this adds the sense of a life in Christ. Source: usually also in prayer books, but if not, a short form is the Troparion to the Holy Spirit ("O Heavenly King…") before, and one of the Songs to the Theotokos (e.g., "It is truly meet…") after.|
|Intermediate: Acknowledge the Hours. Either commit to memory the Prayer of the Hours, or just acknowledge the times of day marking of the hours with a "Lord, have mercy," and making the sign of the Cross at the times appointed. This is doable at home, at work, or at school: 6 AM - First Hour; 9 AM - Third Hour; Noon - Sixth Hour; 3 PM - Ninth Hour. Many of us are not awake for 12 AM - Midnight Hour, but we try.|
|Progressing: Simple daily Reader's Vespers in the home (or in the parish), and/or simple daily Reader's Matins.|
|Advanced: Add Compline to the evening prayers, occasionally
with the Paraclesis (in prayer books).|
Ultimately, and only after having grown under your family's spiritual father's guidance, it may be possible for you to little by little increase the "enriching diet" to include the following: Those able to sustain the above may then profit spiritually by adding the full preparation for Holy Communion, the Canon to the Guardian Angel (Sunday); The Lord (Monday); the Theotokos (Tuesday); the Akathist to the Lord (Wednesday); Akathist to the Theotokos (Thursday); Canon of Repentance (Friday); Confession (most parishes schedule them after Vespers on Saturday), so on Saturday evening, add to the Compline Prayers, the Canon for Holy Communion (the abbreviated form of one of the prayers is often times said in parishes before receiving Holy Communion). There are some Church communities that do the entire preparation, which has been separated into dailies above, in one evening. My experience is that if they are all done on Saturday, along with Vigil, it is very long (11 PM-ish). But if read in the home (shorter if not sung), on a daily basis, they are infinitely doable - 40 minutes a night, at the very most - which is less than one soul-sleeping television show.
You're beginning well, making Church life central, increasing your relationship with the faithful, adding to the personal spiritual life on days between liturgies, magnifying the fasting and festal seasons and reasons. As you begin in your own self, and in your family, and extend your 'family' to truly include your spiritual father, your godparents, and more and more of the faithful. God will bless these efforts and this enrichment will help make living stones in your family and parish life. It will truly effect a miraculous healing in your life, and spiritual growth from glory to glory.
Enrichment shouldn't be contrived, forced, or applied inappropriately for our spiritual age or present abilities, for too much nourishment, like too many vitamins, can be toxic. More is not necessarily better, and no-where is the warning for physician's advice more appropriate than in the spiritual life. Basic to every effort is the advice of our spiritual physicians - and with that, I render all these words just conversation and say, take away only this: talk this over with your spiritual father. Whatever you need, whatever you wish to try, discuss it in context of who you are, what you and your family may be able to sustain without burning out or becoming resentful, and under his guidance, chart a prescribed course of monitored spiritual treatment.
Grow in love, and do write and share your experiences and ideas. If my comments have warmed your faith even a little more, please keep me and my little family in your prayers, and add us to your 'family.' Do write.
M. Photini Henderson
c/o Holy Transfiguration Church
1936 S. Summit Avenue
Sioux Falls, SD 57106
Phone: (605) 362-0224
The purpose of an enrichment program is to increase purification and illumination. We know we are not holy, but we are increasing in our 'holification,' as it were. We should not approach Holy Communion as if it were candy mints, or a membership ticket, but as much as possible increase our spiritual understanding of it. This is in many ways both abstract and concrete, a matter of faith and a matter of praxis. It is bad faith and praxis to refuse Holy Communion out of an exaggerated sense that we need to 'be worthy' - for the prayers before Holy Communion acknowledge that we are unworthy. But it is equally bad faith and praxis to consistently receive with little appreciation for what it is we are doing, or doing it just because everyone else is and we don't want to be conspicuous. The only right way, is to check out our 'thinking' and 'attitude' and 'life in Christ' by frequent conversation with our spiritual fathers or mothers, Holy Confession as prescribed by our local parish, and obedience to the 'prescription' of our priest or spiritual physician. The holy things are indeed for the holy.
by Matushka Photini Henderson
|The Bible and the Holy Fathers, edited by Johanna Manley, distributed by St. Vladimir's Seminary, (800) 204-BOOKS. This book interleafs the daily Scripture readings with short excerpts from the spiritual writings of the Fathers. A family who reads from this every day will in a year's time have a greater awareness of the 'mind of the Fathers' - a great tool for raising the children in the patristic mind, and especially helpful for those who go on to compete in the St. John Chrysostom Oratorical Competitions. These excerpts are good for busy lives, short attention spans, and provides substantial nourishment by themselves; you can look up the complete writing in the St. Pachomius Library (see below). This book includes an excellent forward by Bishop Kallistos Ware on reading the Bible.|
|The Prologue of Ochrid (4 vol. set), Lazarica Press. Written by St. Nicholai Velimorovich. This is a daily 'curriculum' of saints lives, daily catechism, questions, contemplation, and Bible study.|
|Making God Real in the Orthodox Christian Home, by Fr. Anthony Coniaris (Light and Life Publishing). This book is as close to a codification of 'enrichment' materials as we may get, certainly something to build from.|
|Orthodox Spirituality, M. Vlachos, takes us to the heart and meaning of our life in Christ, the purpose of which is to become saints. Half of this book, and nearly all his other books, are on the website, www.pelagia.org, but proceeds from books sold go to support the monastery.|
|A Prayer Book for Orthodox Christians (as recommended by your parish)|
|A basic Horologion or Book of Hours (as recommended by your parish)|
|Icons for each family member's saint, for each room.|
Resources on the World Wide Web & e-Mail Services
|The St. Pachomius Library:|
English articles index: www.ocf.org/OrthodoxPage/reading/St.Pachomius/localindex.html
e-mail correspondence minor seminary classes: www.ocf.org/OrthodoxPage/reading/St.Pachomius/tutorials.html
|A Word from the Desert (quote from the Desert Fathers): C.HAAS <CHAAS@email.vill.edu>|
|Daily Scripture Reading: MICHAEL VEZIE <firstname.lastname@example.org>|
|Dynamis Daily Sermons (on the daily Scripture readings): DAVID PATTON <email@example.com>|
|Food for Thought (quote from spiritual writings): NINA SECO <firstname.lastname@example.org>|
|Innerlight Weekly Excerpt from the Fathers: MICHAEL MCLELLAN <email@example.com>|
|Quote for the Day (from patristic writings): KEITH WILKERSON <firstname.lastname@example.org> or www.angelfire.com/il/orthquote|
|Al Green's Mother of All Orthodox Websites: www.spectra.net/~aggreen/orthlink.html
This site has bookstore links, seminaries, lots and lots of material, and links to links to links, so consider it the Mall of America or Sears of Orthodox web pages - has a guest book, clip art, church supplies links, miscellaneous and uncategorized (that's fun). If you bookmark this page, you've got a lot.
|Orthodox Theology moderated list (average of 10 posts daily): NICK
Includes daily scripture, songs, saints lives, and catechism, plus a moderated few posts on timely discussions.
|Orthodox Home Church School: www.egroups.com/group/orthodoxhomechurchschool/info
A resource and discussion list for home church schooling families and many who homeschool conventional learning as well, sharing materials, resources for in-home (distance learning), catechisms, and enrichment ideas.
|Poetry from Orthodox Christians: www.egroups.com/group/orthpoem/info|
|St. Nectarios Press: www.orthodoxpress.org|
A fine collection of books, cookbooks, and other materials for teaching. Virtually anything here can be used without worry. Many fine Orthodox bookstores do include collections of non-Orthodox materials, but for those unable to discern, this particular bookstore site limits its selections to patristically-oriented, purely Orthodox materials.
by Matushka Photini Henderson
© 1999 by Orthodox Family Life and the original author(s).
URL: http://www.theologic.com/oflweb. This web site is donated and maintained by TheoLogic Systems, which provides software and information tools for Orthodox Christians and parishes world wide.